Hangzhou is the capital of Zhejiang province and its political, economic and cultural center. With enchanting natural beauty and abundant cultural heritages, the city is known as 'Heaven on Earth' and one of China's most important tourist venues.

Airport
Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport is about 27 kilometers (about 16.8 miles) away from Wulin Square, center of the city, 15 kilometers (about 9 miles) to Xiaoshan District. The international terminal is Terminal A.
For passengers to and from this airport, both shuttle buses and taxis are available. At present, there are shuttle buses to over 20 directions, including downtown Hangzhou, Xiaoshan District, Shaoxing (Keqiao), Yiwu, Jinhua, Suzhou, Qingtian, Zhuji, Hengdian, Huzhou, Xinchang, Shengzhou, Jiaxing, Haining, Yongkang, Jiaojiang, Luqiao, Wuzhen, Anji, Shangyu, Linping, Quzhou and Linhai.

The main public transportation in Hangzhou is Hangzhou subway, city bus and taxies.
Subway
The Hangzhou subway system will consist of 10 lines, Line 1 is in operation, while others are under construction. Line 1 operates 14 hours daily from 06:30 to 20:30 on an interval of 9.5 minutes. Ticket prices range from CNY2 to CNY8 according to the metered fare. 9% discounts can be enjoyed by passengers with Hangzhou Transportation Smart Card. 

Bus
In general, buses in the downtown area run from 05:00 to 22:30. Some suburban lines stop as early as 17:30 or 18:00. The night lines from 201 to 251 run from 21:30 p.m. to 05:30 a. m. Most of the city-buses charge CNY1–3 per person. There is a discount on the normal ticket fare when paying with a Transportation Smart Card. Most of the buses are self-service with no refund for overpayment, so passengers need to prepare the exact small change beforehand.

Bus Categories:
Downtown Lines: Mainly from 1 to 96 with some exceptions.
Night Lines: From 201–251
Suburban Lines: 300–498, 700–799 with some exceptions.
Micro Bus Lines: 801–879 with some exceptions.
Mini Bus Lines: 801–879 with some exceptions.
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Lines: Lines that start with the letter "B", such as B1, B2, B支1, B支2, etc.
Holiday Lines: J1 and J12.
Tourist Lines: Y1–Y9 and Y13.
Sightseeing Lines: Sightseeing Line 4, 6 and 8

Taxi
Getting around the city by taxi is the most convenient way to travel. At present, there are more than 8000 taxis running in the city and passengers can find one almost anywhere in the city. The flag-down fare is CNY10 for the first 3 kilometers with CNY1 fuel surcharge. It costs CNY2 per kilometer for the next 3–10 kilometers. For over 10 kilometers the fare is CNY3 per kilometers.
Generally, it would cost about CNY100 to take a taxi from Xiaoshan International Airport to downtown Hangzhou. The trip from the South Railway Station (in Xiaoshan) to Xiaoshan International Airport would cost CNY60 for about 30 minutes.

Hangzhou Transportation Smart Card
Hangzhou Transportation Smart Card can be used on subway, city-buses, some taxis and other public vehicles. For visitors, Z card is most suitable.
It is common for the new users to pay CNY300, CNY200 as credit caution money, CNY100 for consumption. Once applied, it can be reloaded at any reloading office of IC Card in the city.

Transportation between Hangzhou and Shanghai
There are 124 trains running from Hangzhou to Shanghai every day. Hangzhou Railway Station operates more than 60 of them from 06:12 until 21:00, 50 of which are high-speed /bullet trains. The South Railway Station operates around 60 trains daily from 01:29 to 21:36 including 21 bullet ones. At the South Railway Station, bullet trains all arrive from Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station while most of the rest arrive from Shanghai South Railway Station.