This chart is about the changes on China’s new visa rules. The chart’s information was originally published on the Library of Congress Web site
|Old Visa System||New visa|
|D visa||Resident visa, issued to permanent residents||D visa||No significant changes found|
|Z visa||Employment/work visa, issued to foreign workers and their accompanying family members||Z1 visa||Issued to foreign workers working over 90 days|
|Z2 visa||Issued to foreign workers working no longer than 90 days|
|X visa||Student visa, issued to students and others coming to China for training or internship for a period of six months or more||X1 visa||For long-term study|
|X2 visa||For short-term study|
|F visa||Business visa, issued to persons invited to give lectures or for official visits; for purposes of business, scientific, technological, or cultural exchanges; or for short-term studies or internships lasting less than six months||F visa||Non-business visa, issued to persons for purposes of non-business (scientific, educational, cultural, health, sports) exchanges and visits|
|L visa||Tourist visa, issued to persons entering China for tourism, to visit relatives, or for other private purposes||L visa||Will generally remain the same, and a group L visa will be added for tourists traveling in groups|
|G visa||Transit visa;||G visa||No significant changes found|
|C visa||Crew visa, issued to crew members performing duties on board an international train or aircraft, and their accompanying family members||C visa||Issued to crew members performing duties on board a foreign aircraft, train, bus, or ship, or to family members of ship crews|
|J visa||Journalist visa, issued to foreign journalists||J1 visa||Issued to resident foreign journalists|
|J2 visa||Issued to foreign journalists for short–term stays|
|M visa||New business visa, issued to persons coming for business and trade activities|
|Q1 visa||Family reunion visa, issued to family members [children] of Chinese citizens or permanent residents, including children left in China to be taken care of by Chinese relatives|
|Q2 visa||Issued to foreigners visiting Chinese citizens and permanent residents for a short term|
|R1 visa||Issued to foreign professionals who are highly skilled or whose skill is urgently needed by China, and who will be residing in China|
|R2 visa||Issued to the R-1 types of foreign professionals staying in China for a short term|
|S visa||Issued to foreigners coming to China for private activities. including marriage, inheritance, and adoption, or for medical services|
Students who want to come to China should pay attention on these changes:
X Visas, the student/internship visas previously issued for 180 days, have been split into X1 (long-term) and X2 (short-term).
F Visas, for commercial/business visits, are now called M Visas.
F Visas are now for short-term, non-commercial purposes (scientific, educational, cultural, health or sports).